HUMAN RESOURCES AND EDUCATION

NDR has a well-developed industrial potential due to the activity of a large number of industrial enterprises located throughout the region. The vast majority of industrial enterprises are in the manufacturing industry. Respectively, the region is constantly providing workforce for the manufacturing industry (food, automotive, textile, etc.). At the same time, the region is focusing its efforts on the development of the IT sector. An important part in this sense is held by the existence of higher education, vocational and educational training institutions which serve an excellent basis for the development of human resources, with an impact on the economic development of the whole region.

In 2016, NDR registered a 43% employment rate. Over the course of 2009-2016, the evolution of the employed population had a positive trend increasing from 36.60% in 2009 to 43.10% in 2016.

From the population structure perspective, the employed population of the region is oriented towards agriculture (49.2%), services (33.1%) and industry (10.4%). Out of the total employed population, 26% is between 35-44 years of age, and 23% is between 45-54.

The performance of the regional economy is showcased by a low unemployment rate – 4.0%, below the national one (4.2%). As regards the distribution of unemployment by gender, it is noticed that the unemployment rate for men is higher than for women and this situation remains the same over the past eight years.

In the 2016/2017 academic year there were 421 general elementary and secondary education institutions, 16 secondary vocational schools, 13 colleges and 1 higher education institution.

Distribution of pupils/students per unit of education

  2011/

2012

2012/

2013

2013/

2014

2014/

2015

2015/

2016

2016/

2017

Elementary and secondary education 102797 97950 93529 89222 86874 86143
Secondary vocational education 6905 6745 6027 5637 5318 6157
Colleges 7432 7442 7041 7144 7086 6681
Higher education 6783 6351 6050 5626 5354 4691

The table shows the decrease in the number of students at all levels of education, determined by demographic trends in the region.

 

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